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The importance of robotics in Industry 4.0
Source:BEKANNTER   DateTime:2018-05-29   Hits:
With the development of social economy, global market competition for manufacturing industry is becoming more and more fierce. However, productivity and competitiveness are necessary factors in this competition. Industry 4.0 represents the formation of high-tech strategy, and industrial robots will become an important factor to solve this competition problem. Industrial robots not only greatly improve the production efficiency and quality of products, but also save a large number of workers from the heavy and complex work, so industrial robots play a pivotal role in the promotion of industry 4.0. The concept of "Industry 4.0" has attracted much attention since its birth. What is "Industry 4.0" on earth?

Industry 4.0 is one of the ten future projects proposed by the German government in Germany 2020 High Technology Strategy. The project is funded jointly by the German Federal Education Department and the Ministry of Research and the Federal Ministry of Economy and Technology with an estimated investment of 200 million euros. It aims to improve the intelligence level of the manufacturing industry, establish intelligent factories with adaptability, resource efficiency and genetic engineering, and integrate customers and business partners in the business process and value process. Its technical foundation is network entity system and Internet of things.

The so-called Industry4.0 in Germany refers to the use of Cyber - PhysicalSystem (CPS) to digitize and intellectualize the supply, manufacturing and sales information in production, and finally achieve a fast, effective and personalized product supply.

Germany put forward the concept of industrial 4.0 in 2011, officially launched at the hannover fair in 2013, its purpose is through the application of Internet of things such as new technology to improve the level of German manufacturing, countries are actively promote the development of new manufacturing plan at present, our country also actively comply with the international environment, have introduced a number of policies and guidelines, including the outline of development of Chinese manufacturing, "made in China 2025", etc., and common development of our country and Germany, have entered the new era of sino-german cooperation, China and Germany both sides signed the china-germany cooperative action outline, the article about the content of the industrial cooperation 4.0 a total of 4, Article 1 clearly puts forward that the digitalization of industrial production is "Industry 4.0", which is of great significance to the economic development of China and Germany in the future. The two sides believe that the two governments should provide policy support for enterprises to participate in the process.

Four themes can be summarized in Industry 4.0:

1. Intelligent factory: focusing on the realization of intelligent production system and process and networked distributed production facilities;

2. Intelligent production: it mainly involves the whole enterprise's production logistics management, man-machine interaction and the application of 3D technology in industrial production process. The plan will pay special attention to attracting the participation of small and medium-sized enterprises in an effort to make them users and beneficiaries of the new generation of intelligent production technologies, as well as creators and suppliers of advanced industrial production technologies;

3. Intelligent logistics: Mainly through the Internet, Internet of Things and logistics network, logistics resources are integrated to give full play to the efficiency of existing logistics resources suppliers, while demanders can quickly get service matching and logistics support;

4. Intelligent service: It is a cross-platform and diversified integrated service with various information technologies for the purpose of customer demand.

With the advent of Industry 4.0 era in Germany, on the one hand, industrial robots in the field of production and manufacturing will become the main force of intelligent manufacturing, because manufacturing is the main application field of robots. Robots are widely used in the automation of production process. For example, robots are widely used in the large-scale production technologies of automobile industry and electronic manufacturing industry. On the other hand, the introduction of Google and other Internet enterprises into the robot industry has brought drastic changes to the robot industry environment. These changes will enable robots to realize self-regulation with big data and realize networking among robots. The Era of Internet of Things will also come in real time and robots will be upgraded to intelligent robots.

At present, Germany, Japan and the United States are still far ahead in robot production, application, supply of main parts, research and other aspects in the world, and still maintain the status of "robot power". And industrial robots in China mainly used in automobile, electronic and information industries, mainly is embedded into the large-scale production line of industrial robots, robot in the future, will be more and more applied in the doctrine of industry, food, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, as well as a wider range of manufacturing, application environment of service in various field, small and medium-sized enterprises, etc. To this end, the future robot development of the Chinese market, not that kind of large special robot used for welding and spray painting production line, but the development of smaller, extensive application of robot, and is suitable for the small and medium-sized enterprises of high cost performance of the robot, which is according to the actual needs of various fields, flexible change robot.

While traditional industrial robots are usually isolated from workers' workspaces, the new generation of industrial robots will have to be flexible, safe and easy to operate while achieving high speed and accuracy, which is a great technical challenge. In addition, in the era of Industry 4.0, robots are no longer independent units. They need to be able to communicate with other intelligent devices, perceive the environment, and even synthesize complex information to make decisions. Industry 4.0 requires integrating many of the technologies of intelligent robots into larger production systems. Knowledge modeling, physical simulation, multi-sensor perception prediction and other technologies based on cloud computing and big data are not only the key technologies of industry 4.0, but also the key technologies of industrial robots.

Therefore, it is particularly important to develop intelligent robots to promote industry 4.0. The main measures include:

1. Accelerating the development of smart manufacturing. As a new manufacturing mode and technology, intelligent manufacturing can provide solutions for the high-quality manufacturing of complex parts.

(2) Increase financial research input. Support the industrialization, promotion and application of robots and their key parts through existing capital channels such as industrial transformation and upgrading and central infrastructure investment; We will support the r&d of qualified robots and their key parts with the help of science and technology programs (special projects, funds, etc.) financed by the central government.

(3) Accelerating the formulation of technical regulations. Increase support to promote the research and development of intelligent robot core technology; Combing and integrating the research and development achievements of intelligent robots to support the transformation of achievements of intelligent robots; We will accelerate the formulation of standards for intelligent robots and human-computer interaction safety rules.

Since the robot came out in the early 1960s, the robot technology has experienced constant development and has made substantial progress and achievements. Mainly reflected in the following aspects:

(1) To improve the degree of automation in the production process, the application of robots is conducive to improve the degree of automation such as material transmission, workpiece loading and unloading, tool replacement and machine assembly, so as to improve labor productivity, reduce production costs, accelerate the pace of mechanization and automation of industrial production.

(2) Improve working conditions and avoid personal accidents. In high temperature, high pressure, low temperature, low pressure, dust, noise, odor, radioactive or other toxic pollution and narrow working space, direct human operation is dangerous or impossible. But the application robot can complete the work safely partly or completely instead of the human, greatly improves the worker's working condition. At the same time, in some simple but repetitive operations, the robot can replace the human to do the work, which can avoid personal accidents caused by operation fatigue or negligence.

(3) Reducing manpower is convenient for rhythmical production and application robots to work instead of humans, which is one aspect of direct reduction of manpower. Meanwhile, since application robots can work continuously, this is another aspect of reduction of manpower. Therefore, in the automatic machine tools and integrated processing automatic production lines are almost equipped with robots, in order to reduce manpower and more accurate control of the production rhythm, easy to have a rhythm of production.

At present, there are more than one million industrial robots working in various production sites. In the non-manufacturing field, the application of robot technology has been extended to many fields of social and economic development, ranging from space capsule and spacecraft to extreme environment operations and daily life services. In the traditional manufacturing field, industrial robot has become an indispensable core automation equipment after birth, growth and maturity.

The consultancy McKinsey & Company has released a report, "ArtificialIntelligence: The Next Digital Frontier", which shows how ArtificialIntelligence can contribute to The shift from preventative to predictive maintenance "in The future". Right now, we are on the brink of a revolution triggered by Industry 4.0 and data science that will transform every area of manufacturing while giving managers more control than ever before. As a result, the problem is not the gamers can catch up with the new wave swept across various industries, but in whether or not they will occupy leadership positions or merely in line, industrial robots camp will be as the main battlefield of frontier technology achievements transformation, the future of many possibilities, let the possibility of industrial robots are associated with more, followed by a wave of blue ocean. The general trend of today's industrial robots is to shift from the narrow concept of robots to the broad concept of robotics technology, and from the industrial robot industry to the solution business of robotics industry. The connotation of robot technology has changed into an intelligent system with practical action function and flexible application of robot technology. Robots are getting smarter, smaller control systems, smarter and more integrated.

In the wave of the future of science and technology before the arrival of all practitioners must be ready, ready for the future of preparation, so urgent need to more people, more scholars, more have the feelings of entrepreneurs into the war of no gunpowder smoke, along with our country economic prosperity in political environment, industrial robot industry booming, more and more entrepreneurs have gradually from pure heavy interests benefit have feelings blessing, want to contribute to the industrial robot industry development in our country, Siasun Robot&Automation Co.,Ltd, for example, is vigorously promoting the combination of new technology and traditional technology in the field of tandem robots. As a parallel robot manufacturer with the fastest development speed, Birkenstock Robotics Technology Co., Ltd. has carried out the research and development and promotion work of integrating parallel robots into the Internet of Things and creating a core cloud network of exclusive robots, truly committed to making China's industrial robots bigger and stronger.

To sum up, with the development of economic construction, a new generation of robots in an age of "4.0" industrial background, will obtain the new science and technology level, this is not only to detect high-tech, but also for human detection with advanced technology level, the development of the industrial robot industry occupies an important position in industrial 4.0 times.